North London Turks Project (NLTP)

North London Turks Project (NLTP) survey observes education of children who speak in Turkish and also, the factors influence them.

North London Turks Project (NLTP)

The Perception of Turkish-Speaking Parents on Their Children’s Education

This study aims first to discuss the perception of Turkish –Speaking Parents on their children’s education, second to find out the reasons behind the parents’ perceptions in different times and finally to recommend solutions how to solve such inconsistency.  The research question is what the parents’ perceptions are about their own language level, parent/teacher interaction, and the success of their children in school. For this purpose, the research design of this study was identified as survey design, cohort study. The questionnaire was designed to find out the information about Turkish Speaking parents whose children attended a state school in the UK, and to analyze different variables about parents such as age, gender, education and English language skills, socio-economic status, daily habits, and level of involvement in children’s educational activities.

The data were collected from different samples from a population whose members do not change but they were surveyed at two different times, 2004 and 2012. The percentage of the total sample that chose each alternative for each question was reported. Means and graphs were used to illustrate data. Majority of parents assessed their children’s educational achievement between good and very good in 2004 although the results of the LEA showed the opposite. In this study, the apparent inconsistency between parents ‘perspective and LAE assessment was tested in 2012 and examined by considering the dissimilar teacher figure and teacher/school authority in Turkish culture, including language skills, and parents’ educational backgrounds.

The Facts of Turkish-Speaking Community’s Achievement in the UK and Recommendations

Our Findings and Recommendations

As it is known, the achievement level of the Turkish-speaking community is quite low. The aim of this report is to present the facts of Turkish-Speaking Community’s achievement and reasons why this group is underachievers, and recommend solutions to the related concern authority such as government, organizations, non-government organizations, head teachers, school principals, research council and local authorities. The findings involves wide range of issues such as parental involvement, language problem, the perceptions of parents on their children situation at school, the parent-teacher-and-children communication at school, out school activities, integration of the group within society and school, education level of the parents, lack of role models, the parents knowledge about British Education system and so on.

Firstly, the data of some of the findings were collected with questionnaires. Three questionnaires were prepared. The first one was designed to collect data about the education of Turkish-Speaking community and the factors that affect their success at school. The second questionnaire investigated the effects of out-school activities, parents involvement in Education process, parents’ perception on their children success and it also examined the same issue as the first one did. The third questionnaire was about the career decision making process of the children and the factors related to this issue. Additionally, the reports of the DFE, the related articles and researches about Turkish-speaking community, the statistics which is presented by National Statistics and the published books were used to support the findings.

The main findings were that children are low achievers due to the lack of language support in the school and language difficulties. Following to this, they think that they are successful at school; however; they are not aware of that it is because of being in a low achieved class. Additionally, they don’t have enough role models during their education life to encourage them to increase their success and motivation. Low achievers are not encouraged to succeed due to their exam results. In other words teachers do not expect that their learners are likely to achieve higher grade. The successful students are complaining about the objectives of the curriculum. They think that they are wasting their time in the school due to the repetition of the same subjects so that they drop-out the school.

Parents have misunderstandings of their own English level. They indicate their English level is high although it is not sufficient to help their children with their homework. They also indicated that they do not visit school, because, they think that their English level is low to talk to teachers. However, when their English level was asked to them, they said that it is very good. Mainly, the Turkish-Speaking parents are illiterate with no formal education in their country of origin so that it creates a gap between the children of educated families and illiterate families. The parents are not aware of British Education system so which types of school the most appropriate for their children is not known. These factors are affecting the achievement level of the children.

There is need for an orientation programme for parents to explain the British Education System. Another orientation programmes that aims to make easy the integration process of the Turkish-speaking community into the host community’s culture should be organized.

In addition to this, the parents need pedagogical training to be involved in their children education process at home as well as in the school. If necessary, school trips should be arranged for parents to help them to understand the general structure of the school cognitively.

The Special English Language programme for Turkish-Speaking parents should be organized.

The youth in action programmes should be organized in schools to increase the interests of the students towards school and their motivation to higher education.

Seminars towards increasing the attendance of the children to schools should be organized. The students should be encouraged to be self-disciplined to study even they do not have extra support in schools.

The significance of this study is that it recommends different solutions such as orientation and pedagogical training for these parents and their children rather than general recommendation of the government reports and existing researches.

Survey


1. Gender:  F ¯    M ¯

2. Age: Residence: ¯Hackney  ¯Haringey    ¯Waltham Forest      ¯İslington

¯Enfield           ¯Diĝer____________

3.Post code:

4.Occupation:

5.Occupation status: ¯Worker ¯Employer ¯Unemployed ¯House wife

6.Birth date: Nationality: ¯ Turkish    ¯ Kurdish    ¯ Cyprus  ¯ Others

7.Birth place (city and town):

8.Education level:

¯No atteding school ¯ Primary   ¯ Secondary ¯ College  ¯ University

¯ Post    graduate

9.English level:  ¯ Advance  ¯ Upper ¯ Intermediate ¯ Elementary

10.Nationality of  your housband or wife:     ¯ Turkish    ¯ Kurdish    ¯ Cyprus

¯Others

11.Education level of  your housband or wife :

¯No atteding school  ¯ Primary  ¯ Secondary ¯ College  ¯ University

¯ Post graduate

12.English level of  your housband or wife:  ¯ Advance  ¯ Upper ¯ Intermediate ¯ Elementary

13.How long have you been in London:

14.Statu of vise in UK (it is not compolsory): ¯ I have a English passport

¯I have a Turkish passport : ¯Student visa ¯Work visa ¯Work permit

¯permit of residence ¯I require refuge ¯Other______________

15.How much is your monthly income except taxs?

¯0-500  ¯501-1200     ¯1201-2000        ¯2001-4000        ¯4001-10000

¯10001 ve yukarısı

16.Which language do you speak to your wife? ¯Turkish ¯Kurdish ¯English

¯Other____________

17.Which language do you speak to your children? ¯Turkish ¯Kurdish ¯English

¯Other____________

18.Which language do your children speak to each other? ¯Turkish ¯Kurdish

¯English ¯Other____________

19.How many hours do you watch TV  in a day? ________

20.How many books do you read in a year? ________

21.Do you read any regularly daily newspaper?     Yes¯   No¯

22.Which newspaper?  ________

23.Do you watch Turkish TV?          Yes¯   No¯

24.Do you have internet in your house?    Yes¯   No¯

25.Would you like to return your country?   Yes¯   No¯ Marital status:  ¯ Married

¯ Single ¯Divorced ¯Second Marriage ¯Other :_____

26.Your house: ¯Rent ¯ Self owner ¯Consul ¯Other_____

THE QUESTİONS ABOUT YOUR CHILDREN:

27.Have many do you have children? _____

If you have more than 4 children,please answer above questions for them.

28.Do you help your child for her/his homework?  Yes ¯ No ¯

(If your reply is No,please answer following case.)

¯ I cannot help, as I do not know English

¯I am extremely bussy because of my working ¯My wife/husband helps them

¯There is not any homework. ¯I have not asked yet.

¯Other__________________________

29.How many times did you go to your child’s school except getting them?

¯Nothing ¯ once ¯2-3 times ¯4 times or more

30.If your reply is less than twice, what is your reason? ¯I do not know English

¯I feel discriminated ¯Other

31.What do you think about discipline of schools in UK?

¯strictly disciplined

¯disciplined ¯ undisciplined

32.To which level do you prefer your child to go to school?

¯ Primary   ¯ Secondary ¯ College  ¯ University ¯ Post graduate

33.What kind of proffesional do you prefer your child to work?

¯Proffesional work (as lawyer,doctor..) ¯my business    ¯technical work

¯ Food sector ¯house wife(for girl child) ¯I have not got any idea

34.Do you know that my child need to do entering in required job?

¯I have not got any idea ¯I can take information from my child’s school

35.Which age do students take GCSE? ¯5-6  ¯9-10  ¯15-16  ¯17-18

36.What are the different GNVQ and A Level course?

¯Although GNVQ is short term, A level is long term

¯Although GNVQ is long term, A level is short term

¯ Although student study in university in GNVQ, A level is academic

¯ I do not know

37.Have you ever do you take any private lesson for children? ¯Yes ¯ No

38.Does you child attend any programme/course out of school? ¯ Yes ¯ No

39.Which course/programme is that?(suplemantary school,mosque…) __________

40.Are you pleased them? ¯ Yes ¯ No

41.Why do you send your child to them?( you can reply much more one choose)

¯preventing from bad attidute and addicted ¯learning our culture

¯learning our language ¯learning her/his religion

¯improving social skills as a art ¯enjoying from life

¯I have not spare time to look after them. ¯being healthy by working out sport

¯Others____________________________________

42.What did these course/programme provide to to your child?

¯He/She is prevented from bad attidute and addicted

¯ He/She learned our culture ¯ He/She learned our language

¯ He/She learned her/his religion

¯ He/She improved social his/her skills as a art ¯ He/She enjoyed from life

¯ He/She is healthy by working out sport ¯Others____________________________________